Symptoms of an Enlarged Prostate
The prostate gland is located below the bladder. It produces some of the fluid in semen and is vital for a man to have a healthy sex life. The prostate gland often enlarges as you get older. In some cases, an enlarged prostate can press on the tube carrying urine from the bladder and cause urinary problems. This is called benign prostate enlargement.
The prostate gland surrounds the urethra. The urethra is the tube that carries urine from the bladder, through the penis out of the body. Imagine the urethra as running through the middle of the prostate gland. As the prostate enlarges, it may squeeze in on the urethra or even partly block the urethra.
Enlarged Prostate Symptoms
The severity of symptoms of prostate enlargement can vary, and can be as individual in their severity as you are, but symptoms do tend to gradually worsen over time. Common symptoms of an enlarged prostate include:
- Frequent or urgent need to pee
- Increased frequency of urination at night
- Difficulty starting to pee
- Weak urine stream or a stream that stops and starts
- Dribbling at the end of urination
- Straining while peeing
- Inability to completely empty your bladder
Less common signs and symptoms include:
- Urinary tract infection
- Inability to urinate
- Blood in the urine
The size of your prostate doesn't necessarily mean your symptoms will be worse. Some men with only slightly enlarged prostates can have significant symptoms, while other men with very enlarged prostates can have only minor urinary symptoms.
The prostate gland is located beneath your bladder. The tube that transports urine from the bladder out of your penis (urethra) passes through the centre of the prostate. When the prostate enlarges, it may begin to block your flow of urine.
Most men have continued prostate growth throughout their lives. In many men, this continued growth enlarges the prostate enough to cause urinary symptoms or to significantly block urine flow. Some men have only very minor symptoms.
Causes of Enlarged Prostate
It’s not entirely clear cut what causes the prostate gland to enlarge. Some experts believe that it may be due to changes in the balance of sex hormones as men age.
Throughout life, men produce testosterone (the primary male sex hormone) and a small amount of estrogen (the primary female sex hormone). As you age, the amount of active testosterone in your blood decreases, leaving a higher proportion of estrogen.
Some scientific studies may suggest that that prostate enlargement may occur because the increased proportion of estrogen within the prostate gland actively promotes the cells within the prostate to grow.
Who is at risk of developing Benign Prostatic Hypertrophy/hyperplasia (BHP)?
An enlarged prostate is rarely evidenced in men under the age of 40. However, that is where the good news about age stops. About one third of men develop moderate to severe symptoms by age 60, and by age 80 this jumps to 50% of men.
Other risk factors include your family history. If you have a close relative such as your father or a brother who has suffered or is suffering from an enlarged prostate, it means that you too are more likely to suffer with the condition.
If you suffer from diabetes or heart disease, or use beta blockers, this may increase your risk of developing an enlarged prostate.
Then of course there are lifestyle factors. If you are overweight or obese and do not regularly get exercise, then there is an increased risk of you developing an enlarged prostate.
How do I know if I have an enlarged prostate?
Many men who have an enlarged prostate may be symptom free to begin with, and only your medical practitioner can accurately diagnose the condition.
If you notice blood in your urine, you should consult your medical practitioner without delay.
If you make an appointment to see your medical practitioner you may wish to prepare beforehand in order to aid an accurate diagnosis by your doctor.
What you can do before the appointment:
- Make a list of your symptoms
- Keep track of how often and when you urinate, whether you feel you're completely emptying your bladder, and how much liquid you drink
- Make a list of all medications, vitamins or supplements that you're currently taking
Questions to ask your doctor:
- Is it an enlarged prostate or something else that is likely to be causing my symptoms?
- What kinds of tests do I need?
- What are my treatment options?
- Are there any restrictions on sexual activity?
Questions your doctor may ask you.
Your doctor is likely to ask you a number of questions including:
- When did you first begin experiencing urinary symptoms? Have they been continuous or occasional? Have they gradually worsened over time, or did they come on suddenly?
- How often do you have to pee during the day, and how often do you need to get up at night to urinate?
- Have you ever leaked urine? Do you have a frequent or urgent need to pee?
- Is it difficult for you to begin urinating? Do you start and stop when urinating, or feel like you have to strain to urinate? Does it ever feel like you haven't completely emptied your bladder?
- Is there any burning when you urinate, pain in your bladder area or blood in your urine?
- Have you had urinary tract infections?
- Do you have a family history of enlarged prostate, prostate cancer or kidney stones?
- Have you ever had any trouble getting and maintaining an erection (erectile dysfunction), or other sexual problems?
- Are you taking any blood thinners, such as aspirin, warfarin?
- How much caffeine do you consume? What is your fluid intake?
What can I do about an enlarged prostate?
If your doctor advises a watch and wait strategy you may wish to consider Prostate PowerFlow:
When taken daily Prostate Power Flow supports prostate health.
Prostate Power Flow’s formulation works to support prostate health and contains the following four key active ingredients:
- Saw Palmetto
Saw Palmetto is a herb. The ripe fruit of the plant are used to make medicine. According to many studies it is effective in decreasing the symptoms of an enlarged prostate.
Tomato derived lycopene supports a healthy prostate. Lycopene has been shown to reduce the risk of certain cancers. It can help stop the enlargement of the prostate and help this condition from progressing to prostate cancer.
Selenium acts as an antioxidant protection.
Prostate PowerFlow provides up to 50% of the selenium RDA daily for men for prostate health NZ (RDA varies in different countries).
Zinc is necessary for your body to manufacture testosterone. Testosterone is the key male hormone for potency and fertility. Low zinc levels may contribute to low sperm count and low libido.
To support your prostate health, it is suggested that you take two capsules of PowerFlow daily; one in the morning and one in the evening with food.
Prostate Power Flow is 100% natural and is free of unpleasant side effects. It is manufactured in New Zealand to the highest standards with thorough testing and guarantees of no adulteration or undeclared ingredients.
Prostate Power Flow is recommended for long term use to support prostate health and has helped thousands of men since it was launched over a decade ago.